Jamun Tree of Fast-Growing Shade Trees
Jamun fruit is botanically known as Syzygium cumini. The Jamun tree has a very tall appearance and it grows to about 30 to 35 feet. Jamun tree happens to grow at a fast rate and is also amongst the easiest to grow. The Jamun fruit is widely loved and consumed. It is known to have numerous health benefits and also it is used to treat many health disorders like diabetes, indigestion, and blood pressure, etc. Jamun trees can live up to 100 years or more. At the upper parts of the Jamun, tree bark is light greyish and smooth, at the base of the tree, the bark becomes dark grey and rough. The wood of the Jamun tree is water-resistant. In different parts it is also known as black plum, black cherry, and Ram Jamun, etc. Jamun tree is a tall evergreen tree grown for shade and windbreak on roads and avenues. Jamun trees reach a height of 30 to 35 feet and bear fruits for 60 to 70 years after planting.
Jamun tree prefers to grow under tropical and subtropical climate. It is found to growing in lower ranges of the Himalayas up to an altitude of about 1300 meters. It requires dry weather conditions at the time off towering and fruit setting. In subtropical regions, early rain is considered to be beneficial for the ripening of fruits and the proper development of their size, color, and taste. The most commonly found variety of Jamun fruit is oblong and has a deep purple to a bluish color. The pulp of the fruit is grey to pink in color and has a seed in the center. The other Jamun variety which one can find is a seedless variety ranging in color from purple to white Gokak.
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